Dropbox may be late to the iOS 7 app update party, but it’s making up for lost time with an abundance of new features in the just-launched version 3.0 release for Apple’s platform. The refresh brings the expected iOS 7-friendly look and includes AirDrop, making it easy to share links or whole files with nearby friends. It’s also easier to send files to other apps or save videos to the device library, and iPad owners can quickly open files in a full-screen view. If your cloud storage revolves around Dropbox, we’d strongly recommend swinging by the App Store for an upgrade.
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Trout fishing is a magnet that draws people from around the world to places like Ovando, Mont. Just ask the owner of Blackfoot Angler and Supplies, Kathy Schoendoerfer.
“Every state in the nation has been through this little shop in Ovando, Montana, population 50,” says Schoendoerfer with a mix of pride and perhaps a little fatigue. “And we’ve also had everybody from Russia, Latvia. We get a lot of Canadians, France, Finland, Brazil, Scotland, Germany, South Africa. We get a lot of business out here. You know, fly-fishing is huge.”
But Western trout may be in trouble. The climate is changing and biologists are headed to trout country to find out the effect on this iconic fish.
And Schoendoerfer’s one-room shop in Ovando is at the heart of that country. It’s stocked with lures, fly-rods, boots — anything you’d need to wade into the nearby Blackfoot, the famed river of trout.
On the Blackfoot, anglers will stand thigh-deep in rushing water and cast, zen-like, for hours, awaiting the perfect bite.
But this year hasn’t been so good. The winter’s snowpack was small and water temperatures were high, which hurts the trout. For a while, the Blackfoot was closed to fishing. “If we don’t have a snowpack,” says Schoendoerfer, “we don’t have water in the mountains that comes down all summer, and we get low waters. And then we have to close up the Blackfoot due to low flows like we did this year.”
Scientists have measured snowpack, and air and water temperatures as well. They confirm that on top of natural cycles of weather, the climate is changing. Locals have noticed as well. “I think people understand that there is climate change,” she says, “they just don’t know who to point fingers at.”
Someone who has noticed these changes in climate is Randy Mannix, who shares a cattle ranch with his brothers not far from Ovando in western Montana. Mannix’s family has been ranching here for five generations. His cattle now are grass-fed, and that requires a lot of pasture-land, a lot of grass and a lot of water. Several creeks run through Mannix’s property, but there’s been a lot of drought recently.
“Whether it’s from global warming or natural cycles, I’m not sure,” says the quiet-spoken Mannix, “but there is a difference.”
Mannix, dressed in Carhartt overalls and muddy boots, takes me through tall grass to a creek. He diverts water from it to irrigate his pastures and water his cattle. With us is Stan Bradshaw, with a conservation group called Trout Unlimited. Where Mannix sees irrigation, Bradshaw sees trout habitat.
“What you have here is a nursery,” Bradshaw says. “These tiny streams — you cross this in the road, [and] you can’t even see it. They’re literally the life blood of the main-stem rivers that are trying to support native fish.”
Bradshaw says two things are threatening that life-blood: heavy cattle grazing and a warming climate. The cattle muddy up and flatten out the streams with their hooves. A warmer climate dries up streams and overheats them.
But he says there are solutions to the damage to trout caused by both cattle and a warmer climate. Things like “narrowing these over-wide stream channels, getting more depth in them so water will flow more quickly through them; adding water back into the system where there wasn’t enough water; planting trees and stream-side vegetation that would create shade.”
That sounds like a lot of work, but Bradshaw and Mannix have been doing it here. Mannix keeps cattle out of the creek. He plants stream-side grass. He stops taking water out of the streams for his pastures and cattle when the stream-flow is low. He says it works.
“This particular spot used to be a broad mud-hole,” he says, pointing to what is now a narrow stream-bed with clear, rushing water running through it. “It healed itself in less than five years, I’d say. This little section of the creek is about as ideal as you can get, where it’s real narrow and deep and it’s all shaded with grass.” Adds Bradshaw: “And this is ideal because part of getting temperature down is getting them [streams] out of the sun. And this grass and the willows and everything else just is an ideal [way] of getting that done.”
Although Trout Unlimited financially supports some of this environmental work, Mannix says it’s still a hard sell for many ranchers. He says many worry that if they give some of their water rights up for trout, eventually they’ll end up giving up a lot more. And water is precious in western Montana.
But then so are trout. Trout-fishing brings tens of millions of dollars to the state every year. Not as much as the value of cattle, but there is a mystique about trout in Montana. The writer Norman Maclean captured it in what might be the most famous fishing book ever, A River Runs Through It. It took place along the Blackfoot.
At her shop in Ovando, Kathy Schoendoerfer says she keeps selling out of copies. When she reads from the book — and she does it with the kind of emotion you might expect from a life-long trout enthusiast — you can understand why. ” ‘Like many fly fishermen in western Montana,’ ” she reads, ” ‘ where the summer days are almost Arctic in length, I often do not start fishing until the cool of the evening. Then in the Arctic half-light of the canyon, all existence fades to a being with my soul and memories and the sounds of the big Blackfoot River and a four-count rhythm, and the hope that a fish will rise.’ “
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You can buy pretty much anything from Sears, but we doubt it’s your first-choice destination for server capacity. That’s likely to change if Ubiquity Critical Environments, the company’s IT infrastructure arm, gets its way. The outfit is considering turning old Sears Auto Centers into server farms …
Starfish may be flexible, but they’re also tough. Yet a mysterious "wasting syndrome" is making starfish from Southern California to Alaska decay while still alive. Populations are being decimated up and down the west coast.
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WASHINGTON (AP) — Heart-clogging trans fats were once a staple of the American diet, plentiful in baked goods, microwave popcorn and fried foods. Now, mindful of the health risks, the Food and Drug Administration is getting rid of what’s left of them for good.
Condemning artificial trans fats as a threat to public health, the FDA announced Thursday it will require the food industry to phase them out.
Manufacturers already have eliminated many trans fats, responding to criticism from the medical community and to local laws, Even so, the FDA said getting rid of the rest — the average American still eats around a gram of trans fat a day — could prevent 20,000 heart attacks and 7,000 deaths each year.
It won’t happen right away. The agency will collect comments for two months before determining a phase-out timetable. Different foods may have different schedules, depending how easy it is to find substitutes.
“We want to do it in a way that doesn’t unduly disrupt markets,” said Michael Taylor, FDA’s deputy commissioner for foods. Still, he says, the food “industry has demonstrated that it is, by and large, feasible to do.”
Indeed, so much already has changed that most people won’t notice much difference, if any, in food they get at groceries or restaurants.
Scientists say there are no health benefits to trans fats. And they can raise levels of “bad” cholesterol, increasing the risk of heart disease, the leading cause of death in the United States. Trans fats are widely considered the worst kind for your heart, even worse than saturated fats, which also can contribute to heart disease.
Trans fats are used both in processed food and in restaurants, often to improve the texture, shelf life or flavor of foods. Though they have been removed from many items, the fats are still found in some baked goods such as pie crusts and biscuits and in ready-to-eat frostings that use the more-solid fats to keep consistency.
They also are sometimes used by restaurants for frying. Many larger chains have phased them out, but smaller restaurants may still get food containing trans fats from suppliers.
How can the government get rid of them? The FDA said it has made a preliminary determination that trans fats no longer fall in the agency’s “generally recognized as safe” category, which covers thousands of additives that manufacturers can add to foods without FDA review. Once trans fats are off the list, anyone who wants to use them would have to petition the agency for a regulation allowing it, and that would likely not be approved.
The fats are created when hydrogen is added to vegetable oil to make it more solid, which is why they are often called partially hydrogenated oils. The FDA is not targeting small amounts of trans fats that occur naturally in some meat and dairy products, because they would be too difficult to remove and aren’t considered a major public health threat on their own.
Many companies have already phased out trans fats, prompted by new nutrition labels introduced by FDA in 2006 that list trans fats and by an increasing number of local laws, like one in New York City, that have banned them. In 2011, Wal-Mart pledged to remove all artificial trans fats from the foods the company sells by 2016. Recent school lunch guidelines prevent them from being served in cafeterias.
In a statement, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg said it was his city’s 2008 ban that led to much of the change. “Our prohibition on trans fats was one of many bold public health measures that faced fierce initial criticism, only to gain widespread acceptance and support,” he said.
But support is far from universal. A nationwide poll conducted by the Pew Research Center between Oct. 30 and Nov. 6 said that of the 996 adults surveyed, 44 percent were in favor of prohibiting restaurants from using trans fats while 52 percent opposed the idea.
Still, Americans are eating much less of the fat. According to the FDA, trans fat intake among Americans declined from 4.6 grams per day in 2003 to around one gram in 2012.
A handful of other countries have banned them, including Switzerland and Denmark. Other countries have enacted strict labeling laws.
Dr. Leon Bruner, chief scientist at the Grocery Manufacturers Association, said in a statement that his group estimates that food manufacturers have voluntarily lowered the amount of trans fats in food products by 73 percent.
The group, which represents the country’s largest food companies, did not speculate on a reasonable timeline or speak to how difficult a ban might be for some manufacturers. Bruner said in a statement that “consumers can be confident that their food is safe, and we look forward to working with the FDA to better understand their concerns and how our industry can better serve consumers.”
Said FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg: “While consumption of potentially harmful artificial trans fat has declined over the last two decades in the United States, current intake remains a significant public health concern.”
Agency officials say they have been working on trans fat issues for around 15 years and have been collecting data to justify a possible phase-out since just after President Barack Obama came into office in 2009.
The advocacy group Center for Science in the Public Interest first petitioned FDA to ban trans fats nine years ago. The group’s director, Michael Jacobson, says the prohibition is “one of the most important lifesaving actions the FDA could take.”
“Six months or a year should be more than enough time, especially considering that companies have had a decade to figure out what to do,” Jacobson said.
Follow Mary Clare Jalonick on Twitter: http://twitter.com/mcjalonick
- Food & Cooking
- Food and Drug Administration
- trans fats
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) — In Tehran’s largest anti-U.S. rally in years, tens of thousands of demonstrators joined Monday in chants of “death to America” as hard-liners directed a major show of resolve against President Hassan Rouhani’s outreach to Washington more than a generation after crowds on the same streets stormed and occupied the U.S. Embassy.
Such American-bashing protests occur every year outside the former embassy compound to mark the anniversary of the 1979 takeover following the Islamic Revolution. But the latest demonstration had a dual purpose of sending the boldest warning yet to Rouhani’s government over whether it can expand dialogue with the U.S. or offer the concessions needed to possibly settle the nuclear impasse with the West.
“Fighting the global arrogance and hostile policies of America is the symbol of our national solidarity,” said Saeed Jalili, who lost to Rouhani in June’s election and later was replaced as the country’s top nuclear negotiator.
The choice of Jalili as the main speaker to the crowd showed how high the rifts reach in Iran.
Jalili is a leading voice of dissent over Rouhani’s overtures to Washington, but he is also a senior adviser to Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has given critical support to Rouhani’s initiatives. The growing tensions have left Khamenei — the ultimate decision-maker in Iran — in the unusual role of domestic diplomat.
He had stood by Rouhani in apparent hopes that the nuclear talks and outreach can ease Iran’s isolation from the West and roll back painful sanctions over Tehran’s nuclear program. At the same time, he cannot ignore Rouhani’s critics and seeks a middle ground built around his comments that American remains untrustworthy but Iran is strong enough to pursue talks and exchanges.
Another key test comes later this week when nuclear talks resume in Geneva between Iran and six world powers including the U.S. envoys. Negotiators left last month’s session expressing hope that Rouhani’s election — and full backing from Khamenei — could open room for progress in closing the gap between Western fears that Iran could eventually produce nuclear weapons and Iran’s claims that it only seeks reactors for energy and medical isotopes.
Any stumbles in the talks, however, will likely bring even greater protest backlash from hard-liners such as the Revolutionary Guard and its vast paramilitary network.
In a symbolic show of force, they slammed back at appeals by Rouhani’s backers to drop the longstanding chant of “death to America” in light of the groundbreaking exchanges opened in late September during the annual U.N. General Assembly — which included a call from President Barack Obama to Rouhani as the Iranian president headed to the airport. Ties between the two countries were severed after the embassy siege, which began a hostage crisis with 52 people held for 444 days.
White House spokesman Jay Carney acknowledged the process would not be easy.
“As the president has said, the history of mistrust between the United States and the Islamic Republic of Iran is deep and it will not be erased overnight. But what we are doing now is not about trust,” he told reporters in Washington. “We’re engaged in serious and substantive negotiations that offer the possibility that we can stop the advance of Iran’s nuclear program, gain more transparency into their nuclear activities and negotiate a long-term comprehensive solution that resolves the international community’s concerns about Iran’s nuclear program.”
Asked about the demonstrations and calls of ‘death to America’ in Tehran on this anniversary, Carney said: “We believe that the vast majority of Iranians would prefer a better relationship with the West and would prefer the benefits of that better relationship with the West, including economic benefits of rejoining the international community to the current status quo.”
Jalili said the chant “death to America” — which rang out strongly among the more than 50,000 people outside the former embassy — is a symbol.
“It’s not death to American people, but it’s against a portion of Americans who support oppressive policies in the world. If we say ‘death to America,’ it is death to megalomania. ‘Death to America’ means death to think tanks that work for the destruction of nations.”
Protester Reza Farahbakhsh called the rally “more spirited” than recent years, when crowds dwindled to several thousands and had to be padded with school children brought by bus.
“Some people said, ‘Let’s not chant death to America this year, it is not good for us,’” he said. “The world must see this.”
It’s not the first time critics of the dialogue have made their views known.
A group of protesters hurled insults and eggs at Rouhani’s entourage upon his return from New York. Late last month, huge banners appeared around Tehran depicting the U.S. as a sinister and deceitful adversary that seeks to weaken Iran. Tehran officials ordered the signs removed, but they appeared in poster form at the demonstration Monday outside the former embassy compound.
Protesters also stomped on images of Obama and burned the U.S. flag. Others carried well-known banners reading “We trample America under our feet” and “The U.S. is the Great Satan.” One image showed Obama in a wrestling uniform with Star of David earrings, symbolizing Israel.
On Sunday, Khamenei appeared to chide hard-liners by denouncing any attempts to undermine Iran’s nuclear negotiators even as he praised Iranian militant students who stormed the U.S. Embassy in 1979 — reflecting his difficult balancing act between moderates and foes.
Diplomats “are on a difficult mission and nobody should weaken those who are on assignment,” the official IRNA news agency quoted Khamenei, who has final say on all matters of state, as telling a group of students.
Outside the former embassy’s brick walls — covered with anti-U.S. murals — students carried a model of a centrifuge used in uranium enrichment. A slogan on it read: “Result of resistance against sanctions: 18,000 active centrifuges in Iran.”
Protester Mohsen Rajabi said Iran should never expect the U.S. to compromise with Iran.
“These are lies,” he said during Monday’s rally. “These are tricks to hinder our progress.”
Associated Press writer Jim Kuhnhenn in Washington contributed to this report.
- Politics & Government
- Foreign Policy
- Hassan Rouhani
- death to America
- Saeed Jalili
BOSTON (AP) — From the Green Monster to the Charles River, the bearded champions celebrated their improbable journey with another familiar sight in Boston.
The World Series trophy.
For the third time in 10 years, the Red Sox carried the prize through their city in a “rolling rally” of amphibious “duck boats” as thousands of fans lined the streets and the banks of the waterway that separates Boston from Cambridge.
The most poignant moment occurred early in Saturday’s trip when the vehicles stopped at the Boston Marathon finish line, near where two explosions killed three spectators at the race on April 15.
Outfielder Jonny Gomes placed the trophy on the line and he and catcher Jarrod Saltalamacchia held Red Sox jerseys with the words “BOSTON STRONG” and the number 617, the city’s area code. A jersey with that message hung in the Red Sox dugout throughout the season after the bombings.
On a mild, sunny day, noted tenor Ronan Tynan sang “God Bless America” and the crowd joined in.
“That was an emotional moment,” Gomes said. “To bring the World Series trophy to the finish line, I don’t think that the story was written that way, but I was glad to be a part of it and put the exclamation point on it.”
Before the rally began at Fenway, manager John Farrell recalled that the Red Sox had left after their 3-2 win over the Tampa Bay Rays the day of the Marathon for Logan Airport for a road trip. Along the way, they saw emergency vehicles responding to the explosions.
“Knowing that we were heading out of town, that’s going to bring back a lot, and a lot of uncertainty at that moment,” Farrell said, “because no one knew where to turn next. So we were fortunate to be part of maybe a little bit of a healing process.”
Second baseman Dustin Pedroia said: “We played for the whole city, what the city went through.”
Boston’s climb from last place in the AL East in 2012 to the top of the baseball world was stunning.
But not to Pedroia, a gritty leader of a closely knit team that won the title with a 6-1 victory over the St. Louis Cardinals in Game 6 on Wednesday night. It was the first time the Red Sox won the Series at home in 95 years.
“The way we started spring training, it seemed like everybody counted us out,” he said. “We always said, ‘One day closer to a parade.’ It’s here.”
The line score from the clinching game was still on the scoreboard on the left-field wall as season-ticket holders gathered for a pre-rally ceremony.
“We just wanted this group to win so badly,” general manager Ben Cherington told the crowd, “because we know they wanted it so badly.”
Then the team boarded 25 duck boats of many colors — pink, yellow, maroon, lime green, white and more — normally used for tourist trips.
Some boats even had light brown carpeting cut into the shape of beards attached on the front.
Players still had their beards, which some had grown all season long.
“Hopefully, we can all get together and shave them for a good cause,” third baseman Will Middlebrooks said.
Some fans also were at rolling rallies after the 2004 and 2007 championships.
“This may be the best parade yet,” said Charles Butler, 48, of Boston, who attended his third. “It is the best thing that could have happened to Boston right now. The bombing was a sad time, and now we have a reason to come together and celebrate.”
Anna Mitkevicius, 24, of Medford, watched from near the finish line that she never reached on April 15. She was stopped about one mile before the end because of the explosions.
“It is still a very emotional experience to come down here,” she said. “I didn’t know if it would be too hard to be at the finish line, but I’m happy I came. It felt really good to be here when everyone is celebrating and the mood is good.”
There was a very heavy police presence, with dogs and bullhorns.
Crowds were about 15 people deep on both sides near the finish line on Boylston Street. Many wore Red Sox gear, some with foam beards and holding signs “Papi for Mayor,” a vote for World Series MVP David Ortiz.
Farrell said if Ortiz hadn’t hit a tying grand slam in the eighth inning of Game 2 of the AL championship series against the Detroit Tigers “we might not be standing here today.”
Steve Horgan, the police officer who raised his arms in a “V” when Tigers right fielder Torii Hunter tumbled over the bullpen wall in pursuit of Ortiz’s homer, rode in the lead vehicle with John Henry and other team owners.
“A thrill of a lifetime,” Horgan said.
When the vehicles slid into the river — another big splash for the Red Sox — spectators cheered.
The departure from Fenway was delayed when a flatbed truck carrying Dropkick Murphys, a band which had played at the ceremony, and heavy equipment became stuck in the turf along the first-base line.
A duck boat drove up in front of it and, with a tow rope between the vehicles, pulled the flatbed out of the ruts.
Less than three hours later, the rally was over.
“We were ready to go another lap,” Gomes said. “We didn’t want it to end. It was pretty fun.”
- Sports & Recreation
- Red Sox
- Jonny Gomes
- John Farrell
Rene, Peter, and Richard discuss whether you should upgrade your iPad, what the alternatives are, which model is best for you, and options for color, capacity, carrier, AppleCare+, and more!
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With Ian McCall out, Scott Jorgensen will now face off with John Dodson at UFC on FOX 9. The two flyweights will face off on the night’s undercard. UFC officials announced the new pairing earlier today.
Dodson comes into the bout after blasting Darrell Montague at UFC 166 earlier this month in his first bout back since losing to UFC flyweight Demetrious Johnson at UFC on FOX 6. The Ultimate Fighter 14 champion has gone 4-1 in the UFC and will look to provide a rude divisional welcome to Scott Jorgensen, who will be making his flyweight debut at UFC on FOX 9.
UFC on FOX 9 will take place in Sacramento, California on December 19 and features UFC lightweight champion Anthony Pettis against Josh Thomson. The night’s co-main event will see bantamweights Michael McDonald and Urijah Faber face off in a crucial bout in the division. The FOX network event will take place at the Sleep Train Arena (formerly the ARCO Arena), with prelims airing via FOX Sports 1 and Facebook.
UFC on FOX 9 Fight Card:
Main Card (FOX 8PM ET)
- UFC Lightweight Title Fight: Anthony Pettis (c) vs. Josh Thomson
- Urijah Faber vs. Michael McDonald
- Matt Brown vs. Carlos Condit
- Nik Lentz vs. Chad Mendes
Preliminary Card (FOX Sports 1, Facebook)
- Mac Danzig vs. Joe Lauzon
- John Dodson vs. Scott Jorgensen
- Pat Healy vs. Jamie Varner
- Edson Barboza vs. Danny Castillo
- Kelvin Gastelum vs. Court McGee
- John Moraga vs. Darren Uyenoyama
- Roger Bowling vs. Abel Trujillo
- Cody McKenzie vs. Sam Stout
Front-Page Photo Credit: Andrew Richardson-USA TODAY Spor